Vid ett pressmöte på Architecture Day 2020 delade chefsarkitekt Raja Koduri och Intel-fellows samt -arkitekter med sig av information om framstegen som Intel gör på sina sex pelare för teknisk innovation.
Intel presenterade sin SuperFin-teknik på 10 nm, som representerar den största enskilda intranodförbättringen i företagets historia och levererar prestandaförbättringar jämförbara med en övergång med full nod.
Företaget avslöjade också detaljer om sin Willow Cove-mikroarkitektur och Tiger Lake SoC-arkitektur för mobilklienter och gav en första titt på sina fullt skalbara Xe-grafikarkitekturer avsedda för marknader som sträcker sig från konsumentprodukter till superdatoranvändning och gaming. Med Intels uppdelade designstrategi, tillsammans med avancerad förpackningsteknik, XPU-utbud och mjukvarucentrerade strategi är bolaget fokuserat på att utveckla ledande produkter inom portföljen till kunderna.
För ytterligare information, se detaljerade beskrivningar på engelska nedan.
10nm SuperFin Technology
After years of refining the FinFET transistor, Intel is redefining the technology to enable the largest single, intranode enhancement in its history, delivering performance improvement comparable to a full-node transition. 10nm SuperFin technology combines Intel’s enhanced FinFET transistors with Super metal insulator metal (MIM) capacitor. SuperFin technology offers enhanced epitaxial source/drain, improved gate process and additional gate pitch to enable greater performance by:
oEnhancing epitaxial growth of crystal structures on the source and drain, thus increasing strain and reducing resistance to allow more current through the channel.
oImproving gate process to drive higher channel mobility, which enables charge carriers to move more quickly
oProviding an additional gate pitch option for higher drive current in certain chip functions that require the utmost performance
oUsing a novel thin barrier to reduce via resistance by 30% and enhance interconnect performance
oDelivering a 5x increase in capacitance within the same footprint when compared to industry standard, driving a voltage droop reduction that translates to dramatically improved product performance. The technology is enabled by a new class of “Hi-K” dielectric materials, stacked in ultra-thin layers just several angstroms thick to form a repeating “super lattice” structure. This is an industry-first technology that is ahead of current capabilities of other manufacturers
Intel’s next generation mobile processor, codenamed Tiger Lake, is based on 10nm SuperFin technology. Tiger Lake is in production and shipping to customers with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) systems expected for the holiday season.
Hybrid bonding test chip taped out in Q2, 2020. Hybrid bonding is an alternative to the traditional “thermocompression” bonding used in most of today’s packaging technologies. This new technology enables very aggressive bump pitches of 10 microns and below, delivering much higher interconnect density and bandwidth and along with lower power.
Willow Cove and Tiger Lake CPU Architectures
Willow Cove is Intel’s next generation CPU microarchitecture. Built on the latest process advancements, 10nm SuperFin technology, and the foundation of the Sunny Cove architecture, Willow Cove delivers more than a generational increase in CPU performance with large frequency improvements and increased power efficiency. It also introduces a redesigned caching architecture to a larger non-inclusive 1.25MB MLC and security enhancements with Intel® Control Flow Enforcement Technology.
Tiger Lake will offer intelligent performance and groundbreaking advancements in the key vectors of compute. With optimizations spanning the CPU, AI accelerators and being the first system-on-chip (SoC) architecture with the new Xe-LP graphics microarchitecture, Tiger Lake will deliver more than a generational increase in CPU performance, massive AI performance improvements, a huge leap in graphics performance with a full set of best-in-class IPs throughout the SoC like the new, integrated Thunderbolt 4 among. Tiger Lake SoC architecture offers:
oNew Willow Cove CPU Core – with significant frequency uplift leveraging 10nm SuperFin technology advancements.
oNew Xe graphics with up to 96 execution units (EUs) with significant performance-per-watt efficiency improvements.
oPower Management – Autonomous dynamic voltage frequency scaling (DVFS) in coherent fabric, increased fully integrated voltage regulator (FIVR) efficiency.
oFabrics and memory – 2x increase in coherent fabric bandwidth, ~86GB/s memory bandwidth, validated LP4x-4267, DDR4-3200; LP5-5400 architecture capability.
oGaussian Network Accelerator (GNA) 2.0 dedicated IP for low power neural inferencing offloading from the CPU. ~20% lower CPUutilizationon GNA vs. CPU (running noise suppression workload).
oIO – Integrated TB4/USB4, integrated PCIe Gen 4 on CPU for low latency, high bandwidth device access to memory.
oDisplay – Up to 64GB/s of isochronous bandwidth to memory for multiple high-resolution displays. Dedicated fabric path to memory to maintain quality of service.
oIPU6 – up to six sensors with 4K30 video, 27MP image, up to 4K90 and 42MP image architectural capability.
Intel is advancing its hybrid architecture with Alder Lake, the company’s next-generation client product. Alder Lake will combine two upcoming architectures, Golden Cove and Gracemont, optimized to offer great performance/watt.
Xe Graphics Architectures
Intel detailed the Xe-LP (low power) microarchitecture and software optimized to deliver efficient performance for mobile platforms. Xe-LP is Intel’s most efficient architecture for PC and mobile computing platforms with up to 96 EUs, and comes with new architecture designs including asynchronous compute, view instancing, sampler feedback, updated media engine with AV1 and updated display engine. This will enable new end-user features with Instant Game Tuning, capture and stream and image sharpening. On software optimization, Xe-LP will have driver improvements with a new DX11 path and optimized compiler.
The firstXe-HP chip has been powered on and back from the labs. Xe-HP is the industry’s first multi-tiled, highly scalable, high performance architecture, providing data center-class, rack-level media performance, GPU scalability and AI optimization. It covers a dynamic range of compute from one tile, to two and four tiles, functioning like a multicore GPU. At Architecture Day, Intel demonstrated Xe-HP transcoding 10 full streams of high quality 4K video at 60 FPS on a single tile. Another demo showed the compute scalability of Xe-HP across multiple tiles. Intel is now sampling Xe-HP with key customers and plans to enable
Xe-HP in Intel® DevCloud for developers. Xe-HP will be available next year.
Intel introduced a new Xe microarchitecture variant – Xe-HPG, a gaming optimized microarchitecture, combining good performance/watt building blocks from Xe-LP, leveraging the scale from Xe-HP for a bigger configuration and compute frequency optimization from Xe-HPC. A new memory subsystem based on GDDR6 is added to improve performance/dollar and Xe-HPG will have accelerated ray tracing support. Xe-HPG is expected to start shipping in 2021.
The Intel® Server GPU (SG1) is Intel’s first discrete GPU based on Xe architecture for the data center. SG1 brings performance from four DG1s in a small form factor to data center and is targeted for low latency, high density Android cloud gaming and video streaming. SG1 will ship later this year and will be in production soon.
Intel’s first Xe-based discrete GPU, code-namedDG1 is in production and on track to start shipping in 2020. DG1 is now available within the Intel® DevCloud, accessible to early access users. As disclosed at CES, DG1 is Intel’s first discrete GPU for PCs based on Xe-LP micro architecture.
New features were introduced to the Intel® Graphics Command Center (IGCC) including instant game tuning and game sharpening.
oInstant gaming tuning is a game-specific driver. Fixes and optimizations can be pushed to end users faster than before and without a full driver download and install. It will only require a single opt-in from the user per game.
oGame sharpening uses perceptual adaptive sharpening – a compute shader-based adaptive sharpening algorithm that boosts image clarity in games. This feature is particularly useful for titles that use resolution scaling to balance performance and image quality and is an opt-in feature within IGCC.
Data Center Architectures
- Ice Lake, is the first 10nm-based Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor targeted for the end of 2020, will deliver significant performance in both throughput and responsiveness across workloads. It will bring a set of technologies including total memory encryption, PCIe Gen 4, eight memory channels, and instruction set enhancements that speed up cryptographic operations. Variants for network storage and internet of things will also be introduced as part of the Ice Lake family.
- Sapphire Rapids is Intel’s next generation Xeon Scalable processor based on enhanced SuperFin technology and will offer leading industry standard technologies including DDR5, PCIe Gen 5, Compute Express Link 1.1. Sapphire Rapids will be the CPU used in the Aurora Exascale supercomputer system at Argonne National Lab. It will continue our strategy of built-in AI acceleration with a new accelerator called Advanced Matrix Extensions. Sapphire Rapids is expected to start initial production shipments in the second half of 2021.
- Demonstrating our continued innovation for advancing field programable gate array (FPGA) technologies and third consecutive generation of transceiver leadership, Intel now has the world’s first next-gen 224G-PAM4 TX transceiver.
- The oneAPI Gold release will be available later this year, providing developers with production quality and performance across scalar, vector, matrix, and, spatial architectures. Intel released its eighth iteration of oneAPI Beta in July, delivering new features and enhancements for distributed data analytics, rendering performance, profiling, and video and threading library. The DG1 discrete GPU is currently available to early access developers in Intel® DevCloud, providing access to libraries and toolkits, enabling them to begin writing software using oneAPI before they have hardware in hand.
- These news disclosures represent progress of Intel’s six pillars of technology innovation strategy; Intel is taking full advantage of its unique position to deliver a mix of scalar, vector, matrix, and spatial architectures deployed in CPUs, GPUs, accelerators, and FPGAs – unified by an open, industry-standard programming model, oneAPI, to simplify application development.
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